Engineering Geology Questions and Answers Part-1

1. What is the thickness of the crust under the mountainous areas and in particular the Himalayas?
a) 50-55 km
b) 60-65 km
c) 70-75 km
d) 30-35 km

Explanation: It is believed that the thickness of the crust under the Himalayas is 70 to 75 km and under the Hindukush it is said to be 60 km thick.

2. The discontinuity which marks the lower boundary of the crust is ______________
a) Crust-Mantle discontinuity
b) Oceanic discontinuity
c) SIAL layer
d) Mohorovicic discontinuity

Explanation: Mohorovicic discontinuity marks the lower boundary of the crust which is the first layer of the Earth.

3. The granite layer in the crust is also referred to as ____________
a) SIAL
b) SIMA
c) SLAM
d) SILA

Explanation: SIAL stands for Silicon and Aluminium and as per the name it is made up of the two elements and hence the name.

4. The density of the oceanic layer in the crust is said to be ____________
a) 3.00 g/cc
b) 2.50 g/cc
c) 1.90 g/cc
d) 2.00 g/cc

Explanation: The oceanic crust is estimated to have a volume of 2.54*109 cc with an average density of 3.00 g/cc

5. The depth at which the Mohorovicic discontinuity occurs is ____________
a) 90-100 km
b) 50-60 km
c) 70-80 km
d) 30-40 km

Explanation: Mohorovicic discontinuity from seismic evidence is determined that it is approximately at a depth of 30-40 km.

6. What is the speed attained by the P-waves in the C-layer under the Continental crust?
a) 6 to 7.6 km/sec
b) 3 to 4 km/sec
c) 5 to 6.3 km/sec
d) 1.8 to 2.5 km/sec

Explanation: The C-layer is the lowermost layer of the continental crust and here the P-waves attain velocity as high as 6 to 7.6 km/sec.

7. The layer under the continental crust with the density of 2.4 to 2.6 g/cc is?
a) A-layer
b) B-layer
c) C-layer
d) D-layer

Explanation: The Middle layer or B-layer of the continental crust is relatively dense compared to A-layer and the density is said to be 2.4 to 2.6 g/cc.

8. The expansion of SIMA is ____________
a) Silicon and Manganese
b) Silicon and Magnesium
c) Strontium and Manganese
d) Strontium and Magnesium

Explanation: Silicon and Magnesium. The C-layer under the continental crust is rich in Silicon and Magnesium and hence the layer is also sometimes called SIMA.

9. The oceanic layer is the extension of C-layer of the continental crust and A and B-layer are mostly absent.
a) True
b) False