1. At what K is the triple point of water?

a) 0 k

b) 4 k

c) 273.16 K

d) -273.16

Explanation: At 273.16 K, i.e. 0C water contains all the three forms, solid, liquid as well as gas partially.

2.What is the relation between Celsius and Fahrenheit scale?

a) \(\frac{C}{9} = \frac{F-32}{5}\)

b) \(\frac{C}{5} = \frac{F-32}{9}\)

c) \(\frac{C}{32} = \frac{F-32}{5}\)

d) \(\frac{C}{5} = \frac{F-9}{32}\)

Explanation: It is derived by using the following relation, \(\frac{C}{100} = \frac{F-32}{180}\) because, in the scale developed by Fahrenheit in 1742, the freezing point of water was at 32 and boiling was at 212, i.e. 180 points difference, Whereas for Celsius scale the difference is 100 units (0C to 100C).

3. What does 298 Kelvin mean on Celsius scale?

a) 27 c

b) 25 c

c) 15 c

d) 35 c

Explanation: As for conversion of Kelvin to Celsius 273 is to be deducted, hence 298 K = 298 – 273 = 25C.

4. What is the value of 110 C on the Fahrenheit scale?

a) 198 F

b) 383 F

c) -73 F

d) 230 F

Explanation: According to the relation, \(\frac{C}{5} = \frac{F-32}{9}\)

\(\frac{110}{5} = \frac{F-32}{9}\)

F-32 = 198

F = 230 F.

5. 1 Pascal = 1 _____

a) N/mm^{2}

b) N/m^{3}

c) N/m^{2}

d) N/mm^{3}

Explanation: Pascal is the unit generally used to express pressure, which means the amount of pressure in Newton, divided by the area i.e. square meters.

6. 1 Bar = ______

a) 1×10^{5} N/m^{2}

b) 1×10^{9} N/m^{2}

c) 1×10^{5} N/mm^{2}

d) 1×10^{6} N/m^{2}

Explanation: Bar is the unit used for expressing the higher level of pressure, which means 760 mm of Hg at the sea level, which equals to 100,000 Newton.

7. 1 Bar = ______ mm of Hg

a) 100

b) 720

c) 760

d) 360

Explanation: Sometimes pressure is represented in the form of height of mercury in the tube of 1 mm

^{2}area, i.e. 760 mm practically for 1 bar pressure.

8. What is absolute zero temperature?

a) 0 c

b) 273 C

c) -273 k

d) -273 C

Explanation: Temperature of -273 C i.e. 0 K is called absolute zero temperature, as it’s not possible to go beyond that temperature on the earth.

9. What are the temperature and pressure for S.T.P. (Standard Temperature Pressure)?

a) 0 C, 1 bar

b) 273 C, 15 bar

c) 288 K, 1 bar

d) 273 K, 1 bar

Explanation: Generally, 15 C is taken as the standard temperature, i.e. 288 K and pressure is 760 mm of Hg or 1 bar.

10. What are the temperature and pressure for N.T.P. (Normal Temperature Pressure)?

a) 0 C, 1 bar

b) 273 C, 15 bar

c) 288 K, 1 bar

d) 273 K, 1 bar

Explanation: Generally, 0 C is taken as the standard temperature, i.e. -273 K and pressure is 760 mm of hg or 1 bar.